Home

Aral Sea today

Today, the Aral Sea does not exist. There are, instead, two distinct bodies of water: the North Aral Sea (also known as the Small Sea, in Kazakhstan) and the South Aral Sea (in Uzbekistan). Is the Aral Sea recovering? Sort of. The Aral Sea as a whole will never completely recover Aral Sea today - Аральское Море сегодня, Аральск. 475 likes · 2 talking about this · 35 were here. Аральское море - важнейший индикатор экологической обстановки в центральной Азии

The dark pools staining the vast expanse of arid flatlands that can be seen today on a map represent a fraction of what the Aral Sea used to be. Registered in UNESCO's Memory of the World archives, the ecological tragedy that damaged the region was caused by a force that turned out to be much fiercer than global warming — the Soviet Union's agricultural policies The Aral Sea (Kazakh: Арал теңізі, Uzbek: Orol dengizi, Орол денгизи, Karakalpak: Aral ten'izi, Арал теңизи) one of the largest saltwater lake in the world in the 60-70s. The Aral Sea is an endorheic salty sea The image above, captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite, shows the Aral Sea in Central Asia on August 22, 2017. While the lake was much smaller in August 2017 than it was in the 1960s, some growth in the eastern lobe of the South Aral represents an improvement over August 2014 , when that lobe was completely dry Once the fourth-largest freshwater lake in the world, the Aral Sea today is a tenth of its original size At more than 67,000 sq km (26,000 sq miles), the Aral Sea was once the fourth-largest.

Once Written Off for Dead, the Aral Sea Is Now Full of

  1. g With Life Thanks to Global Collaboration. Kissing the borders of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, the North Aral Sea is experiencing an ecological.
  2. Across the immediate Aral Sea region today, the lake's desiccating retreat continues. Recent popular press accounts of the Aral's 'return' seem overly optimistic when viewed at this larger regional scale. The smaller Little Aral in the north, located wholly within Kazakhstan, has been stabilized with the help of World Bank intervention
  3. The Aral Sea was once the world's fourth-largest lake, but an irrigation project drained nearly all the water. The consequences include the loss of a fishing industry, salt-laden dust affecting crops and human health, and an altered climate. A dam has increased water levels in a small part of the lake called the North Aral
  4. Aral Sea, a once-large saltwater lake of Central Asia. It was once the world's fourth largest body of inland water but has shrunk remarkably because of the diversion of its sources of inflowing water for irrigation beginning in the second half of the 20th century
  5. The Aral Sea Is Refilling for the First Time in Decades In this week's Maphead, Ken Jennings explores what was once the world's fourth largest lake—now mostly desert. By Ken Jenning
  6. The threatening impact of Aral Sea catastrophes is now witnessed all over the world today. According to international experts, poisonous salt from the Aral Sea region are found on the coast of Antarctica, on the Glaciers of Greenland, in the forests of Norway and many other parts of the globe
  7. Water levels then fluctuated annually between 2009 and 2018 in alternately dry and wet years. In 2014, the eastern lobe of the South Aral Sea completely disappeared. Water levels in summer 2018 were not as low as they might have been, following a round of seasonal snowmelt in the spring. As the Aral Sea has dried up, fisheries and the communities that depended on them collapsed

The Aral Sea Disaster. First let's distinguish between a sea and a lake. It's called the Aral Sea but it's more of a lake really. Let's take a look at a definition for each word: Sea - the salt water that covers most of earth's surface and surrounds the masses of land. It's only secondary in size to an ocean (for a body of water) Today, project and estimate documentation is being developed to restore the damaged dam with a length of 135 meters, measures will be taken to prevent its further destruction. The project will save the Kokaral Dam, thereby the Small Aral Sea with a total of 27 billion. m3 of water

Aral Sea today - Аральское Море сегодня - Home Faceboo

KAZINFORM - Kazakhstan is due to proceed with the Aral Sea recovery plan in two directions, Kazinform correspondent reports. News. 05.01.2021 17:40. Multilateral consultations to be held on dev. The Aral Sea is an endorheic lake lying between the Aktobe and Kyzylorda regions of Kazakhstan and the Karakalpakstan autonomous region of Uzbekistan. Once known as the 4th largest lake in the World, the Aral Sea is famous today as one of the worst environmental disasters in the World I last wrote about the Aral Sea in 2014, which was the year that the main southern basin finally dried up entirely and was renamed the Aralkum desert.But is that the end of the story? I thought it was worth looking up again, to see if anything has changed. There are essentially two stories to tell from the area today, one on the Kazakhstan side of the lake, and one in Uzbekistan to the south The Aral Sea has a grand history in Kazakhstan and the Central Asian region and was once one of the four largest lakes in the world, covering 26,300 square miles with Kazakhstan to the north and Uzbekistan to the south. Its name means Island Sea as this water body is surrounded by the forbidding deserts

When the sea left, more than 40,000 Kazakhs left the Aral Sea region, and around 50,000 left Kara-Kalpak. The Aral Sea of today Currently, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya rivers' discharge is more than 115 cubic kilometers of water per year The Aral Sea once occupied the territory of 68,000 square kilometers (26,300 square miles) on the border between southwestern Kazakhstan and northwestern Uzbekistan, but today its surface area measures 8,300 square kilometers (3,200 square miles), or just 12 percent of its original volume The Uzbekistan government and the United Nations are trying to bring life back into the Aral Sea.After the rivers feeding it were diverted, the Central Asian.. Aralsk today. The Aral Sea dried out almost completely, becoming an ugly desert and what little water remains has such a high concentration of salt that only halophilic microorganisms can survive. Aralsk was a very important fishing center. Evidence of this can be seen in the harbor, as well as in the center of the industrial park By bringing the Aral Sea into the focus of the world's creative minds, our goal was to crowdsource new solutions to combat land degradation in the Aral Sea, said Lilia Burunciuc, World Bank Regional Director for Central Asia. it is great to see how the Global Disruptive Tech Challenge has drawn global attention to this local problem and has stimulated creative minds globally to propose innovative solutions

What happened to the Aral Sea, what is the future of the

The system leaked, and the sea began to dry up. By the 1990s, the Aral had shrunk to less than half its former size and was dangerously salty. It was no longer one body of water, but two lobes: a smaller North Aral Sea in Kazakhstan and a larger South Aral Sea in Uzbekistan. The region's fishing industry collapsed, and many residents fled More than 15 kinds of fish have reappeared, allowing fishing production to expand from 600 tonnes in 1996 to 7,200 tonnes today, according to Serik Dyussenbayev, a guide living in Aralsk The Aral sea desiccation period was accompanied by climate change. Before the desiccation period, the Aral Sea regulated the climate in the region by softening strong Siberian winds in the winter, and cooling off the area in the summer. The exact temperature increase resulting from the Aral Crisis is difficult to measure because the entire.

The Destruction of the Aral Sea. Thus, in the 1960s, the Aral Sea began shrinking quite rapidly, with the lake's level dropping 20-35 inches yearly. By 1987, it dried up so much that instead of one lake, there were now two: the Large Aral (south) and the Small Aral (north). While up to 1960, the water level was about 174 ft above sea level, it. Subscribe to BBC News www.youtube.com/bbcnewsIt took just 40 years for the Aral Sea to dry up. Fishing ports suddenly found themselves in a desert. But in on.. 152 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos taken at 'Aral Sea today - Аральское Море сегодня Water temperature in Aral Sea today is 18.2°C. Based on our historical data over a period of ten years, the warmest water in this day in Aral Sea was recorded in 2016 and was 20.9°C, and the coldest was recorded in 2009 at 9.1°C. Water temperature in Aral Sea is expected to drop to 17.7°C in the next 10 days The Aral Sea remains in a dire situation as of today, but there is hope for its northern portion in Kazakhstan. From an environmental standpoint, the World Bank's contribution to the building of a 13km-long dam in 2005 can be seen as a step towards the successful recovery of a smaller body of water

The Aral Sea (Lake) Today

The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called one of the planet's worst ever environmental disasters. Is there any hope for its recovery? And is the Caspian Sea set to suffer a similar fate? Stretching across Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, the Aral Sea was once the fourth largest lake in the world, similar in size to the island of Ireland Sea-Today, LLC manufactures a multi-component microbial product that can reduce organic wastewater solids.What's novel about our product is that it consists of different species, that in nature don't coexist, they in many cases compete. It's our acclimation process that gets these different species to collaborate to survive The Aral Sea was once the world's fourth-largest lake, covering 26,000 square miles on the border of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. But in the 1960s, the Soviet government redirected the Amu Darya and. Aral Sea. Up to the late 20th century, the shallow Aral Sea was the world's fourth-largest saline lake, spanning 63,000 square kilometers. However, the lake started shrinking in the 1960s, when the Soviet government decided to divert two of its main inlet rivers, the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya, to irrigate the surrounding desert region The Aral Sea and cotton: putting the record straight. LONDON - The next issue of Apparel Insider, we put the spotlight on Uzbekistan, which is in the process of investing millions in its textile industry as it looks to woo brands and retailers. Often discussed in the context of Uzbekistan's cotton industry is the Aral Sea, the demise of.

New Water in the Aral Sea - NAS

Shocking NASA pics show Aral Sea basin now completely dry. Once the fourth-biggest lake in the world, the eastern basin of the Aral Sea in central Asia is now completely dry. It is the result of a Soviet-era project to divert rivers for agriculture and a lack of rainfall at its source. This is the first time the eastern basin has completely. The Aral Sea started to shrink in the 1960s when the Soviets diverted water from the two main rivers that flowed into the Aral Sea to feed vast new cotton fields. As cotton production boomed, the.

Changes in population are important to understand the Aral Sea crisis for various reasons that we will explore. Between 1950 and 1988, the population of the Aral Sea basin grew dramatically - from 13.8 to 33.2 million people, comprising increases from 8.1 to 19.9 million in Uzbekistan, 1.0 to 2.2. The Aral Sea: Nasa pictures show how what was once the fourth largest lake in the world has become almost completely dry. A massive Soviet irrigation project in the 1960s has seen the Aral Sea. Here you cansubmit your question tothe Head of EB IFAS in RK Ask a Question To overcome environmental crisis and to improve socio-economic situation in the Aral Sea basin,acknowledged by the international community as one of the biggest catastrophes of the XX century,in 1993 the Internation

The Aral Sea is one of the worst man-made environmental disasters in the history of the modern world. The disaster directly affects more than 33 million people living in the Aral Sea basin with a devastating effect on the local environment and economy alike. It is a grave situation, but not yet irreparable, and the European Investment Bank - together with other EU institutions, international. Innovative Restoration Plans for Aral Sea Region Announced at Global Disruptive Tech Challenge 2021. ALMATY, April 9, 2021 - From flowering tree plantations that will grow a beekeeping industry to women-centered training in natural resource management to the restoration of salt-dried landscapes - these are some of the disruptive innovations. Once Written Off for Dead, the Aral Sea Is Now Full of Life. Thanks to large-scale restoration efforts, the North Aral Sea has seen a resurgence of fish—a boon to the communities that rely on it Today, the Aral Sea is a dusty salt flat, littered with the rusting hulks of abandoned ships, victim of deeply irresponsible water management. As recently as 1960, the Aral Sea was the world's fourth largest lake, covering 66,000 square miles. It was fed by two major river systems, the Syr Darya and the Amur Darya

Aral Sea: big fish is back in small pond. ARAL SEA, Kazakhstan (R) - The Aral Sea, once the world's fourth biggest lake, is most likely gone forever, its death having brought about decades. Farming Today In The Aral SeaHe is a substistance farmer and he grows rice. He lives out on a small farm with his two daughters.His life has changed, because he used to live right next to the sea and he used the water to irrigate his crops.Today we will be interviewing Otis Camerlo Sunny. He lives in Moynaq, Uzbekistan.He now lives over 150 miles away and has to pay a lot of money to pipe.

The country that brought a sea back to life - BBC Futur

Once Left For Dead, The Aral Sea Is Now Brimming With Life

Aral Sea Catastrophe - City University of New Yor

According to NASA, water levels rebounded in the Northern Aral Sea between 2005 and 2006 and that lake remains far more stable than the Southern Aral Sea, which today exists as a narrow sliver, on. In 2001, the South (Large) Aral Sea was divided into western and eastern parts. In 2003, the surface area of the Aral Sea was about a quarter of the original, and the volume of sea water was about 10%. Today, instead of the former deep sea, there is a new sand and saline Aralkum desert with the total area of 38 000 km². The Aral Sea tou were sprayed heavily and it then flowed into the Aral Sea. •Today, DDT laden dust blows out of the old lake bed and into the communities. Birth defects, cancer, and other diseases are very common. Aral Sea Decline in Just 10 Years . Aral Sea Dust Storm . Climate Effects •The Aral Sea once offered moderating effects by absorbing sunlight in.

To connect with Ghosts of the Aral Sea, join Facebook today. Join. or. Log In. Ghosts of the Aral Sea. Movie. Like: Follow: Message: More: About. Send Message. Related Pages. Butoh Kyoto Documentary Film. Movie. Lucas Paul Smith. Artist. The Time Machine. Movie. Photos. Posts to Ghosts of the Aral Sea. Ghosts of the Aral Sea. Aral Sea 1977 The ongoing collapse of the Aral Sea ecosystem, located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, shows up clearly in a NASA video. The lake used to be full of water, thanks to runoff from mountains as. Nick Adams and the Aral Sea Divers is on Facebook. To connect with Nick Adams and the Aral Sea Divers, join Facebook today. Join. or. Log In. Nick Adams and the Aral Sea Divers. Musician/Band. Like: Follow: Message: More: About. Send Message. Call 248 837 9509. 5.0. 5 of 5 stars. View 2 reviews. Related Pages

The Aral Sea is a lake located east of the Caspian Sea between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan in central Asia (see Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\)). This area is part of the Turkestan desert, which is the fourth largest desert in the world; it is produced from a rain shadow effect by Afghanistan's high mountains to the south Excessive water diversion from the rivers Amu Darya and the Syr Darya has caused the Aral Sea to lose more than three quarters of its surface area between 1960 and 1990 (Wolf & Newton, 2014; Calder & Lee, 1995). Today, the Aral Sea covers less than 10% of its pre-1960 volume (UNEP, 2008). This has had significant impacts on livelihoods and. The Aral Sea was once a large land-locked lake between Kazakhstan in the North and Uzbekistan in the South, possessing an area of 68 000 sq. km - twice that of Belgium. However, the Aral Sea has dramatically shrunk since the 1960s when Soviet irrigation projects diverted water from the rivers supplying it. By the 2000s, the lake had shrunk to. The Aral Sea tragedy. By BBC's Paul Welsh in Uzbekistan. Forty years ago, Muynak was a busy fishing port where the waters of the Aral Sea lapped up against the shoreline. Today the waters have receded so much, that there is not a drop as far as the eye can see. When the former Soviet Union diverted the Ama Dariya and the Syrdariya - the rivers.

Aral Sea | Dead or alive? - a study of the international

The area of 33.000 km2 in Aral Lake is completely dried and the mineral content in its water is increased. The lake ecosystem is almost completely destroyed. In the period between 1911 and 1960, an annual average of 56 billion m3 of water was spilled on the Aral Sea. Since the mid - 1980s, the decline in the Aral Sea water volume has accelerated Vazil Hudak, Vice-President of the EIB said, Today, the EIB - the EU`s Climate Bank - and the Government of Uzbekistan partner to contribute to the international effort to save the Aral Sea for the future generations. Together, we will work to alleviate one of the worst man-made environmental disasters in the world today and create greener. 27 April 2021. European Union supports Kazakhstan's efforts to restore the Aral Sea Basin ecosystem. KAZAKHSTAN, North Aral - Today, two saxaul greenhouses and the shadehouse were opened in Aral District, Kyzylorda Region, in the framework of the national demonstration project Afforestation of the dried bottom of the Aral Sea: piloting a. The Aral Sea was the fourth largest lake in the world 60 years ago. Today, it has almost completely been dried out due to human activities, causing the disappearance of millions of fish and reducing the number of species by five. However, despite this environmental disaster, one species has survived: the artemia. With the sea now dried up.

The Aral Sea: the difficult return of water. November 21, 2019. Aral. ·. 10 years after the documentary shot by Isabel Coixet, the Aral Sea continues to be a paradigm of the errors that trigger an environmental disaster with terrible humanitarian consequences. Recovery plans have provided some results, but the full recovery of the large Asian. Aral Sea - Aral Sea - Environmental consequences: The rapid shrinkage of the Aral Sea led to numerous environmental problems in the region. The South Aral Sea remains a dust bed though and stands as a warning to governments of the impact of massive water diversion projects on people, the environment and the local economy Environmental and health consequences. The rapid shrinkage of the Aral Sea led to numerous environmental problems in the region. The salt and mineral content of the lake rose drastically and the huge volumes of pesticides and insecticides that were washed into it over the years gradually became more concentrated Fishing industry in the Aral sea Region today Interview We are currently on a fishing boat with Mr.luis who has gladly allowed us to question him about his life before the tragedy. we see many old fishing nets and many fishing hooks with a very rusty stench. continued intervie

Across the immediate Aral Sea region today, the lake's desiccating retreat continues ().Recent popular press accounts of the Aral's 'return' (see, e.g. Conant, 2006; Finn, 2007; Fletcher, 2007) seem overly optimistic when viewed at this larger regional scale.The smaller Little Aral in the north, located wholly within Kazakhstan, has been stabilized with the help of World Bank intervention Browse 959 aral sea stock photos and images available, or search for kazakhstan or dead sea to find more great stock photos and pictures. Satellite image of the shrinking of the Aral Sea from 2000 to 2013. The Aral Sea, is a lake lying between Kazakhstan, in the north and Uzbekistan in.. Today, Aral Sea is divided in 4 parts, or 4 small lakes, namely western, eastern, southern and one small central basin. The 2014 satellite photos received from NASA revealed that the eastern basin has completely dried out. Today, this part is known as Aralkum desert. Nowadays, shrinking of Aral Sea is one of the biggest environmental issues The sea itself is now made up of several water bodies: the North Aral Sea (NAS), which has relatively maintained its water levels due to the construction of a dam; and two independent sections of the South Aral Sea (SAS), the deeper, more stable western portion and a shallower eastern portion, which has recently been fluctuating in size The Aral Sea in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan was once the fourth largest lake in the world, but today the lake has all but dried. Images from NASA show how the lake has rapidly dried since 2000. In.

These satellite images show how humans made the Aral Sea

Half a century ago, the city was located on the shore of the Aral Sea, a proud fishing community and the largest port in Karakalpakstan's. In the heydays, Muynak and other towns on the Aral were hauling 160 tons of fish each day from its shimmering waters. Today, Muynak is separated from the sea by more than 150 kilometers The Aral Sea, once the world's fourth biggest lake, is most likely gone forever, its death having brought about decades of environmental disaster. However, a project to salvage its northern part appears to have succeeded as commercial fishing is once again viable in the adjacent Kazakh towns and villages. 16 Apr 2017. Akespe, KAZAKHSTAN

Aral Sea Description, History, Map, Shrinking, & Facts

Once, the Aral Sea, located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, was the fourth largest inland body of water in the world, with a surface area of 68,000 km2. Salinity at the time was measured at 10g/L (grams of salt per litre of water). In comparison, the oceans are about 35 g/L, and the Dead Sea about [ The five states of Central Asia first established the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, or IFAS, 25 years ago, though they refuse to cooperate on key problems like water distribution That's why, today, the Aral Sea is 10% of what it used to be in the 1960s and its level of salinity is close to that of the Dead Sea in Jordan, making the life of marine life almost impossible. Read: A guide to Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan. The Aral Sea

The Aral Sea Is Refilling for the First Time in Decades

The Aral Sea was an endorheic lake lying between Kazakhstan (Aktobe and Kyzylorda Regions) in the north and Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan autonomous region) in the south. Began shrinking in the 1960s and had largely dried up by the 2010s. The name roughly translates as Sea of Islands, referring to over 1,100 islands that once dotted its. Disaster, catastrophe, degradation, regression Many nouns usually accompany Aral Sea, but nothing prepares you for that moment you first arrive at the ship cemetery in Muynak, a few hours from Nukus. Especially in the summer, when, under a striking sun and with over 40 dry degrees outside and rare shade, you find yourself thinking. Today the Aral Sea has lost 85% of its volume. In its place: A toxic and unforgiving new desert. * In part one of a two-part series, we travel to the Aral Sea, a landlocked body of water which straddles the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan: * Soviet Influence 7.5 Case Study: The Aral Sea - Going, Going, Gone A comparison of the Aral Sea in 1989 (left) and 2014 (right). Credit: This work is in the Public Domain, CC0 The Aral Sea is a lake located east of the Caspian Sea between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan in central Asia In its prime, the Aral Sea was the fourth largest lake in the world but today is just one-tenth its original size. A prosperous fishing industry has collapsed and the health of people and livestock living nearby are adversely affected by intense sandstorms that lift and carry fine dust, salt, and pesticide residues throughout the region

Moynaq, Aral Sea | Moynaq, Aral Sea The Aral Sea was anInternational Fund for Saving the Aral Sea – WikipediaThe Aral Sea Is Drying Up (15 pics) - IzismileMuynak - City Guide, Hotels, ToursMap of Aral Sea - Aral Sea Map, World Seas, Aral SeaThe rise and death of Genghis Khan, the founder of the

The Aral Sea today T he short video below gives a brief introduction into the Aral Sea disaster, and further information can be found on the 'Background Information' page: Introduction to the Aral Sea The Aral Sea was once the world's fourth-largest lake. Now much of it is a vast toxic desert straddling the borders of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, two former Soviet states in central Asia. Until the 1960s, the Aral Sea was fed by two rivers, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, which brought snowmelt from mountains to the southeast, and local rainfall The Aral Sea is an endorheic saline lake in Central Asia located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Since the 1960s its level and its amount of water are promptly decreasing due to drawing of water from main feeding rivers - the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya. Before the shallowing the Aral Sea was the fourth biggest lake in the world The Aral Sea was once the world's fourth-largest lake. But, as BBC reported, Soviet era irrigation projects rerouted Central Asia's two largest rivers, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, for cotton. The Aral sea is a terminal lake (it has no outflow and relies solely on evaporation to maintain its water level) spreading from contemporary Southern Kazakhstan to Northern Uzbekistan. Though it experienced a wide array of fluctuations in past epochs, the lake most recently began filling up during the late Pleistocene and was, for th The Aral separated into two water bodies in 1987-89: a Small Aral Sea in the north and a Large Aral Sea in the south. The Syr Dar'ya flows into the former and the Amu Dar'ya into the latter. Between 1960 and January 2006, the level of the Small Aral fell by 13 m and the Large Aral fell by 23 m (Table 1). A channel (river

  • البكري المسالك والممالك الجزء الثاني PDF.
  • Dental abscess symptoms.
  • دوريات المخلاب 2020.
  • بانيو جاكوزي.
  • Windsor, Canada.
  • دلع اسم لاما.
  • شرح لعبة Medieval 2 Total War.
  • جرعة محلول الجفاف للكبار.
  • فساتين مخمل اسود قصير.
  • مفارش سرير عرايس انستقرام.
  • Goofy Movie.
  • السمعة السيئة.
  • الفرق بين صنع القرار واتخاذ القرار.
  • خاتمة خير الكلام ماقل ودل.
  • ريتا غصن.
  • تصميمات كهرباء المنازل.
  • ألعاب حركية للكبار.
  • برنامج Monkey للايفون.
  • متى يمسك الطفل رجله.
  • بحث عن القمح PDF.
  • لغز وجواب سهلة.
  • Retinoblastoma Radiology.
  • حل مشكلة الكتابة بالعربي في فوتوشوب CC.
  • أهداف طرق التدريس.
  • سلفر شعر.
  • مواقع تسوق الدفع عند الاستلام في السعودية.
  • للبيع اقوال كرة قدم.
  • كناري لونغ شاير للبيع.
  • عاملة نظافة باليومية السوق المفتوح اليوم.
  • فريمات العيد.
  • شكل شعار.
  • أشكال الأصابع ومعانيها.
  • قصة الغراب مع قابيل وهابيل.
  • الحياة اليومية pdf.
  • Penguin.
  • استعادة الصور من سلة المهملات.
  • تشكيل الحديد.
  • تفسير حلم الجدار المهدوم.
  • ابن جون ناش.
  • نهيلة بوشنتوف.
  • ماليكا باريخ.